What is Periodontitis? How Is It Treated?

Periodontitis; It is an important gum disease that keeps the tooth in the mouth and damages the soft tissues and the main supporting bone. With the melting of the bone surrounding the root of the tooth, the gum does not stick to the root and jaw bone as before. A depth called gingival pocket is formed under the gum where bacteria accumulate. Periodontitis, if left untreated, may cause tooth loss or increase the risk of serious problems such as heart attack or stroke with an indirect effect. Periodontitis is a common disease that can often be prevented. It occurs as a result of the progression of gingivitis as a result of insufficient oral care. Regular brushing and use of dental floss every day and dental cleaning applied by the dentist prevent the formation of periodontitis.

Patient complaints and symptoms of the disease in periodontitis:

Bad breath
Bright red or purplish gums
Pus coming out from between the teeth and under the gums
Receding gums and teeth that appear longer due to this
Increasing the distance between teeth
Sensitive gums that bleed when touched
Swollen gums

Risk factors that increase the probability of developing periodontitis:

  • Gingivitis
    Heredity (in its aggressive form)
    Poor oral care
    Poor diet
    Immune system diseases such as leukemia, AIDS
    Tobacco use

Flap Operation (Pocket Elimination Surgery)

This process is done to remove the focus of the disease we call gingival pocket (shallow the pocket) and to gain the bone tissue lost with it. Like cutting a long nail from the edge of the gum, a little cut is made to remove the gum. The gingiva is spaced and the inflammation tissue under it is cleaned, then the easily visible root surface is cleaned and flattened. Bone shape can be corrected and bone augmentation procedures are applied, if possible. The gum is stitched back to its place by giving it an anatomical shape. This procedure is usually done half the jaw at a time. If the whole mouth needs such a treatment, the treatment ends in 4 sessions in total, once a week. The operation of a single area takes approximately 45 minutes - 1 hour.